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Intonation and pauses 






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Intonation and pauses 

jjU'sMI ^lu^j ^ylJI A_pj^cJ! jjiljiiJI 4_a3 j_a intonation ^ii_llJ! 
jl secondary phonemes «4^pt_j oL-a^Jji)) ?-$- x * i ^ * ***•■* Sbj . 4_& 
<«suprasegmental phonemes S_ialilji jj_a j\ 2^* *Xj"ll Jjji oLa_uji» 
cj-fiii~J La^-aj . prosodic features <{2LjJjjJaj ^l^» oJ>*-' * 3 :-^j 

* 4j 4jj^^dJI aj^aLli, Jl\"j ^a^-\.Li J^^'v-ai' t-iJj ,-XJl AjuaLaJl 

^5jjJIj stress ^ilJLS ^jjkVI SLij^j-sJI jj&l^oilll 4_Lo». aJLLj! ^ *,kT.^ 
. L^jLcjojj 4 a»,\II ^-a^jj (-i i-i^lAs.Vij olj-t^sV! jAaj JJU-aj accent 
2_a_i_iLj < L^-lsJjLe. 2 J a<j 1 ^"1 j.A'S^I Laij- ( L$j^i •— O 3 ^* (5-lSI <UVI <j| 



J^=JI oLjLfJ ^ 4jL&*J JaLajl djjjj 6jUal JJsJb LajJ j>jjl1LJIj 

aJ-A t, .Iia..^" (j^«J LtA-jl La^jj t 1 ^ **JJ^~ oLiiiSia ■ _.* X I ." II .LLajf 

^j jj^j . \ n\\„t Lj^aJ ^ jU" L^JLji-Jij (A_j^^ll( L^_ujLl=J jJJ ._.X Ij*;ll 

.aULsJI ! JjSs ^S l-ag \j j juclsJI (jl$ 

: (j^^H-* (^g-i J'^^H Ija is-Li. jij 



/Ti j **i*i*. < r 



Intonation ft - cau-J l 

r- j^>j stress ^>fl!iJ - a j 1A1 > (jJaj j3 La$ ^lli j-£ ^iAHJ! u^J 
&j_& ^ jAJaAI Lajlij rising tone £-Sjj-« a^-^ u^ J^a^j ^^Ai 



l^jjl a 1a oV>J Ijl Ul . falling jA'^u^ulS ^k J .. — -'* A^.jjJI 
. level ^j^luj-a 4_iij jj j| J^LJU Ij^Jj ^ j"--- 

i^i^o <^j u^ r ^ui j^ ^^Xuu^i ^^Jiii iiftj . ^jj^j ^y&i 

• 0^*-i t> U "^ J f-^JI JaLail J>oj-ajj , L&jjmfl'j ^bcJI ~^.X j5 

.Sj-uUI ^j>JI oLa^iJI /^ |jj£ ^hVui ^s-l^UI L^jLLI Ul . Jaii 
oij^JI ^Jl V ^UgUI JI^UL, ^ Uil iai <^2i*l oUiiJi <jLi^J> 

.<JJA^JI 3j^laJ' (jj SjjLHaJI ri J-U ill 



cJL^iliU ^U j^ cw-oujj falling tone < 4_Ujt$JI <a&11! *-~ 2_aAlJ! A 1& 



on 



PCS 

A 't^* a Jajlj.^ SjLc L-4-J-S A-xL* >3^XJI tJjUuij-aJ ^AJLiJjl aj^wjjIj 
ql A_i alxu-o <UajIlJI j*juj_jJ *i£j « (— ) 4Js^.uij _ J.J * *> ■" " * h*5,aJI , Jj SjLojVI 

«kUI J| SjlijVI (f) . 5',^, Jl A_aAlJl 3JLJ Liij < A-LjLa jl S jcL^ 

* ^jjj^Ztft Jas^I ( \ ) 

La^ < jla-aJI jit J-at^JI (^*-aH C*lj 2_allll J-a^JI ifilj LfJ (ji*JJ 



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rising tone : SJ^UaJ't S^jJi 






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. ^ij «3^ki^» ^i LL ikjl+llj Sj^UJJ ^LuiUI ^U- j5 



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waa "hid , ?it neen , ta lea tah , ? ar 'ba lah 
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a^jUJI ^Ll^Jt ^ dij Jl^l slj .^^KJI ^L^V a^L^UI ^ 






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^fl <kjl_A 4_&AlJI C^L=*j . (L-a^ j-Aj) ^Llll JJa-ll J^ 



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JL^jV! aJu*. ^j c^jiiJI J^^l ^i A^j^ ^Uij f^iUj 

. ^AJ La_ii L-^Lk-^LAij LajJ£ > h*\,nj < grammatical 

3lal3 paralingiustic features "LiyiS ^ji. 2-i^.jLk j_Atjkj Prosodic features 
oVU ^ Ul* ^ J j4±* . f ^1 U^ ^ J**\ oL^LuJIj uij^JLj 



^ujij u^j\j .-t^iiij .^AiJij fr<: 6 -iij ^jjij .j^uij l^^ji 

JLJJ llij /Lilian 3^j s J>t ^ UgJbf ^lt ^UJ! Cjl^Ul ^j 
Jj^kij ^JoliJI ^^^^J ^^Ui jaIILS ^^1 Ljjj^ cLoj 3^,^ 

Sja.yi SjLiaJ! a J4J contextual meaning ^L^J! ^^.Jl ^ ^LuJI j! 
. social context ^Lo^VI jLwJt J ^LUI oUi^ ._».^ 

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j^j'a-U : ^£j L^| jl .lexical tone a-w»w^*ij (j— j <3.i>W) oJ£JI 

^iil oUUI 6la .(tenses) J*AJI 6 U J* 6^ A*^ 1 or* ^ ^ ^^ 
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